Click here to


Are you sure ?

Yes, do it No, cancel

Evaluation and Verification of a Simplified Lead Equivalency Measurement Method

R Wargo*, A Aljabal , P Lin , Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, VA


(Tuesday, 7/16/2019) 10:00 AM - 10:30 AM

Room: Exhibit Hall | Forum 8

Purpose: To develop an inexpensive tool and method for determining lead equivalency using digital radiography x-ray equipment.

Methods: A test tool was developed using commercially available lead tape (3Mâ„¢ Lead Foil Tape 421). The test tool consisted of 9 varying lead thick squares arranged in a larger square (0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 1.0 mm). It was imaged on a DR plate with a digital portable x-ray unit across a range of energies (60-120 kVp) and two beam filtrations. Lead equivalency was determined by using the linear relationship between dose to the detector and pixel values in the raw images. The lead equivalency of the tape was validated using known lead thicknesses (physically measured with caliper). Additional lead equivalency measurements were made for protective eye-wear, a thyroid shield, and a lead apron.

Results: The test tool and method measured the two known lead thicknesses to be 2.18% to 7.1% and 1.09% to 5.12% different from the actual values across the range of energies under normal x-ray beam conditions and under a 1 mm copper filtered x-ray beam. The additional lead equivalency measurements of radiation protection apparel across energies ranged from -24.07% to 20.47% for both beam conditions when compared to the values provided by the manufacturer.

Conclusion: This work validates the test tool and methodology as an inexpensive alternative to check the lead equivalency of radiation protection apparel in a clinical setting. The methodology is equipment independent. It requires known lead thicknesses, detector uniformity without artifacts, known pixel value to detector entrance dose relationship, and the ability to draw ROIs on the acquired images.


Not Applicable / None Entered.


Not Applicable / None Entered.

Contact Email