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Use of a New, Commercial Plastic Scintillation Device to Measure Output Factors and Scanning Data in Cyberknife

S Taneja1*, J Teruel1 , P Galavis1 , I Das1 , D Barbee1 , O Clancey2 , M Witten2 , (1) NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY, (2) Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY


(Sunday, 7/14/2019)  

Room: ePoster Forums

Purpose: For the Cyberknife (Accuray Inc. Sunnyvale CA) stereotactic radiosurgery and stereotactic body radiotherapy treatment unit, a series of collimating cones are used with diameters ranging from 5 mm to 60 mm. The measurement of output factors (OFs) in these small radiation fields is challenging due to limitations in detector size. Currently multiple detectors are used for the measurement of output factors, but if not water equivalent, Monte Carlo corrections are required. The Exradin W2 (Standard Imaging Inc., Middleton, WI) plastic scintillation device (PSD) has an active volume of 0.0008 cm₃ and is water equivalent. This work reports OFs and scanning data measured by the W2 PSD and a diode in Cyberknife.

Methods: A Cyberknife M6 and a W2 PSD in a MP3 water phantom (PTW, Freiberg, Germany) were used to take TPR, profile, and OF measurements. The W2 comes with a specialized electrometer, MAX SD, used to measure the Cerenkov light ratio using the manufacturer’s recommendation. Profiles, tissue phantom ratios (TPR), and OF values were taken using the clinically relevant (5, 7.5 and 10) mm cones, with OFs normalized to the 60 mm cone and scanning measurements normalized to maximum dose. All results were compared with PTW 60018 diode measurements taken during commissioning.

Results: The W2 scintillator required the slowest scan speed (0.1 mm/s) in order to eliminate noise, and TPR data was smoothed using a moving average filter. Comparison between diode and W2 profiles and TPR data showed good agreement. Monte Carlo adjusted diode OFs and W2 measured OFs were within 2.6%.

Conclusion: This work demonstrated the feasibility of using a water equivalent, small volume commercial W2 PSD in Cyberknife. Scanning data was near equivalent, but showed significant noise and required smoothing. W2 measured OFs agreed with MC-corrected diode measurements taken during commissioning.


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