Click here to


Are you sure ?

Yes, do it No, cancel

Fixed-Beamline Optimization for Intensity Modulated Carbon Ion Therapy

H Liu*, W Gu , K Sheng , UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA


(Sunday, 7/14/2019)  

Room: ePoster Forums

Purpose: To determine the necessity of the enormously complex and costly gantry for carbon ion therapy, beam orientation optimization (BOO) is used to create and compare gantry-based plans vs. plans using two fixed beamlines and a robotic couch.

Methods: BOO was performed for the two different scenarios. The fixed beam plans included 42 beams combining two fixed gantry angles at 45° and 90°, respectively, and couch angles ranging from -60° to 60° with 6° interval. The gantry beam plans started with 1162 non-coplanar beams that uniformly distributed across the 4π steradians combining the gantry and couch rotational degrees-of-freedom. The number of beams was further reduced to 772 by eliminating beams with couch angles between 60° to 120° and -60° to -120° to exclude geometrically undesired beams. The carbon ion pencil beam dose was calculated using matRad. For both scenarios, the BOO and physical dose optimization was formulated to include a quadratic dose fidelity penalty and an L2,1/2-norm group sparsity term to select 2 beams from the candidate beam pool. The Fast Iterative Shrinkage-Thresholding Algorithm (FISTA) was used to solve the optimization problem. The dosimetry comparison was performed on a complex head-and-neck (H&N) patient with three prescription levels.

Results: The selected two beams from the two fixed gantry angles achieved comparable dosimetry as beams selected from a significantly larger beam pool using the gantry-based plan. The gantry and static-beamline plans took 2 hours and 6 minutes to generate, respectively.

Conclusion: We showed that the dosimetry of carbon ion therapy using fixed beamlines is not disadvantageous in comparison to fully-rotating gantry delivery. This work indicates the potential to significantly simplify gantry design for carbon ion therapy thus overcoming a major hurdle in availing this technology. The future study will incorporate biological effect of carbon ions.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: This research is supported by NIH Grants Nos. NIH R01CA230278, NIH R44CA183390 and NIH R01CA188300


Not Applicable / None Entered.


TH- External Beam- Particle therapy: Carbon ion therapy - dose optimization

Contact Email