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Aerrow: A Probe-Format Graphite Calorimeter for Absolute Dosimetry of MR-Guided Radiotherapy Modalities

J Renaud1*, A Sarfehnia1,2 , J Bancheri1 , J Seuntjens1 , (1) McGill University, Montreal, QC, (2) Sunnybrook Health Science Center, Toronto, ON


(Tuesday, 7/31/2018) 4:30 PM - 6:00 PM

Room: Karl Dean Ballroom C

Purpose: To build and evaluate the use a probe-format calorimeter – herein referred to as the Aerrow – for absolute dosimetry of MRI-guided radiotherapy modalities. Similar in size to a Farmer-type ion chamber, the Aerrow is the first calorimeter intended for use by clinical physicists, and has been developed to help meet the clinical need for accurate dosimetry in non-standard fields without the need for calibration.

Methods: Based on a numerically-optimized design obtained in previous work, an Aerrow prototype capable of isothermal operation was constructed in-house. In isothermal mode, the sensitive volume is subject to thermal control and the quantity of interest is the electrical power required to maintain a stable temperature during irradiation. The ratio of the power and absorber mass is a direct measure of the dose rate. The Aerrow was used to perform reference dosimetry in the 7-MV FFF photon beam of an Elekta MR-linac in both the presence and absence of the 1.5 T B-field. The measurements were carried out in water, at an SSD of 133.5 cm, and otherwise standard conditions for two detector orientations (parallel and perpendicular to the B-field). Aerrow-derived absorbed dose to water measurements were compared to results obtained using a reference-class ion chamber (Exradin A19) with a calibration traceable to national standards, as well as a cross-calibrated thimble chamber (Exradin A1SL).

Results: Compared to the Exradin A19 (0.836 ± 0.008 cGy/MU) and A1SL (0.833 ± 0.008 cGy/MU), the average doses measured using the Aerrow in the absence of a B-field were 0.841 ± 0.007 and 0.837 ± 0.007 cGy/MU for the parallel and perpendicular orientations, respectively.

Conclusion: Within combined standard uncertainty, all dose to water measurements using the Aerrow agreed with chamber-based clinical reference dosimetry. Analysis of correction factors and results in the presence of the 1.5 T B-field are underway.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: Calorimetry research at McGill University has been funded in part by Sun Nuclear Corporation, Melbourne FL.


Absolute Dosimetry, Radiation Detectors, Ionization Chamber


TH- Radiation dose measurement devices: Development (new technology and techniques)

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